Ask Lisa

The Nose Knows: Parfumeur Createur 

With her expertise in perfumery and as a cultural ambassador, Lisa Hoffman answers your Frequently Asked Questions. Can't find the answer you're looking for? Post your question on our Facebook page for immediate feedback.


Why do fragrances smell differently on different people?

Your personal body chemistry will affect how different notes react to your skin. Because everyone has a unique body chemistry, fragrances will often smell different from one person to the next. Additionally, diet and some medications can affect how the fragrance reacts to your body chemistry. 

Why do some fragrances seem to last much longer than others?

Your skin type is an important factor for fragrance because moisture and acidity levels will affect the duration of the fragrance and how the fragrance will react. People with oily skin will notice that their fragrances will last longer than those with dry skin.

How or where should I apply fragrance?

Fragrance should be applied to pulse points. Your pulse points are your wrists, crook of the arm and knee, base of the throat, and right behind the ear. Pulse points are where the blood runs closest to the skin, so it gives off more heat, which acts like a scent diffuser. Also, a great trick for long lasting scent is to apply it on the ankles. It allows the fragrance to blossom up and it is a subtle way to wear perfume.

How can I make my perfume last longer on my skin?

Fragrance lasts the longest when its layered, so pair your fragrance with its matching body wash or body lotion to ensure its longevity. You can also apply a little fragrance to your hair because it will hold scent longer than skin.  

What does it mean when a fragrance "turns"?

Improperly stored, your fragrance can “turn” which means that it will not smell the same or as strongly as it did when first purchased. 

How should I store my perfumes?

To prevent your fragrances from “turning”, try to keep your fragrances in a cool, dry area. Also, store perfumes away from windows as sunlight can unbalance the various ingredients. Try to avoid direct exposure to air. Bottles or vials that expose the fragrance to air each time they are opened can also cause a fragrance to turn.

Should I change my fragrance according to the season?

Heat makes scents stronger, so it’s appropriate to change your scent with the seasons; choose lighter scents in warm weather months and deeper or richer scents in the cold weather months.

What is the difference between Perfume, Eau de Parfum (EDP), Eau de Toilette (EDT), and Eau de Cologne (EDC)?

The differences are simply a matter of the amount or concentration of oils in the fragrance. These oils are called "juice." The highest concentration of "juice" is in perfume (or parfum). Next would be Eau de Parfum, then Eau de Toilette, and finally Eau de Cologne. Actually, Eau de Toilette and Eau de Cologne are generally interchangeable, particularly in Men's fragrances. Aftershave has the least amount of oils. The higher the concentration of "juice" the longer your fragrance will last, and the less you need to apply.

What is a Perfume Oil?

-Fragrances can be categorized in order of concentration, as listed below:

-Perfume Oil (15-30%, oil base as opposed to alcohol base)

-Eau de Parfum (8-15%)

-Eau de Toilette (4-10%)

-Cologne (2-5%)

The Lisa Hoffman pulse-point vials are perfume oils.  Products in this category have an optimum fragrance level with a lasting power of 3-5 hours.

What is the difference between an essential oil and a perfume oil?

An essential oil is a liquid that comes from the leaves, stems, flowers, or any other part of a plant. Contrary to its name, essential oils are not really “oily” at all. They are highly concentrated and should generally not be used directly on the skin. Perfume oils, on the other hand, are a mixture of essential oils and aroma compounds in an oil base, rather than an alcohol base, and can be used directly on the skin. 

Is the LH collection safe for sensitive skin?

We formulate our products with all of our customers in mind, especially those with sensitive skin. Nevertheless, we always recommend a patch test before using our products. To conduct a patch test, apply a small amount of product to the skin on the forearm or inner wrist to test compatability. 

What are top, middle, and base notes?

TOP NOTES: The scents that are perceived immediately on application of a perfume.  Top notes consist of small, light molecules that evaporate quickly.  They form a person’s initial impression of a perfume and thus are very important in the selling of a perfume. 

MIDDLE or HEART NOTES: The scent of a perfume that emerges just prior to when the top notes dissipate.  The middle note compounds form the “heart” or main body of a perfume.

BASE NOTES: The scent of a perfume that appears close to the departure of the middle notes.  The base and middle notes together are the main theme of a perfume.  Base notes bring depth and solidity to the perfume.  Compounds of this class of scents are typically rich and “deep” and are usually not perceived until 30 minutes after application.